Sunday, January 01, 2006



I am the Director of Open Libraries project at the Internet Archive, working in support of the organization's mission to provide "Universal access to all knowledge."  Before joining the Internet Archive, I was an Associate University Librarian at Washington University in St. Louis, managing Washington University Libraries’ digital initiatives and related services.  I have an M.S. in Biological Sciences from Eastern Illinois University and am currently pursuing an Master's of Library and Information Science at University of Missouri-Columbia.  I love to explore the intersections of science and technology in a cultural heritage context, having published and presented on a variety of topics relating to the use of new media and emerging technologies in a library and museum setting.  While working previously at Missouri Botanical Garden, I founded and led the Center for Biodiversity Informatics and served as the Founding Technical Director of the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL), an international consortium of the world’s leading natural history libraries that are working together to digitize their historic collections for free and open access use.  I have been a project manager for several large informatics and academic computing projects, including the development of the Tropicos botanical information system and the BHL.  In addition to my busy academic life, I enjoy making and selling soap for South Compton Soap Company, the small business I run with my husband, who is also named Chris.

Chris Freeland -
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Papers & Proceedings
Moulaison Sandy, H., Freeland, C. The Importance of Interoperability: Lessons from the Digital Public Library of America. International Information & Library Review. 48.1 (2016): 45-50.

Freeland, C. and Atiso, K. (2015), Determining users' motivations to participate in online community archives: A preliminary study of Documenting Ferguson. Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 52: 1–4.

Boyle, B., Hopkins, N., Lu, Z., Garay, J., Mozzherin, D., et al. (2013). The taxonomic name resolution  service: an online tool for automated standardization of plant names.  BMC Bioinformatics: 14(1):16. 

Miller, J., Dikow, T., Agosti, D., Sautter, G., Catapano, T., et al. (2012). From taxonomic literature to  cybertaxonomic content.  BMC Biology: 10(1):87. 

Freeland, Chris. (2008). An evaluation of taxonomic name finding and next steps in BHL developmentsProceedings of TDWG. Fremantle, Australia, 20-24 October 2008. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG).
View: PPT | PPT + audio

Freeland, Chris. (2008). Using the JPEG2000 image format for storage and access in biodiversity collectionsProceedings of TDWG. Fremantle, Australia, 20-24 October 2008. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG).
View: PPT | PPT + audio

Freeland, C., Kalfatovic, M., Paige, J., & Crozier, M. (2008). Geocoding LCSH in the Biodiversity Heritage Library. Code4Lib Journal: 2.

Freeland, Chris. (2007). Biodiversity Heritage Library: Progress & Potential. Proceedings of TDWG. Bratislava, Slovakia, 16-22 September 2007, pp. 10. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) and the Missouri Botanical Garden.

View all my online presentations at SlideShare

BHL in the Cloud: A Pilot Project with DuraCloud.
National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP) Conference. Washington, DC, 21 July 2010.

Digitizing Engelmann's Legacy: Mapping Plant Specimens that Document the Great American Frontier.
ESRI Education User Conference. San Diego, California, 13 July 2010.

BHL Technologies: A Review for BHL-Australia. BHL-Australia Startup, Museum Victoria. Melbourne, Australia, 1 June 2010.

BHL @ TDWG2009 - Linked Literature, BHL Developments & CiteBank. TDWG Annual Meeting. Montpellier, France, 12 November 209.BHL: Overview. EOL BioSynC Liverworts Meeting. Field Museum, Chicago, 26 May 2009.

BHL Technology Overview for BHL-Europe. BHL-Europe Kickoff Meeting. Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, 12 May 2009.

Digital Libraries for Science: Botanicus and Biodiversity Heritage Library. II Latin American Plants Initiative. Buenos Aires, Argentina, 18 November 2008.

An evaluation of taxonomic name finding & next steps in Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) developments. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG). Fremantle, Australia, 21 October 2008.

Using the JPEG2000 image format for storage and access in biodiversity collections. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG). Fremantle, Australia, 21 October 2008.

BHL: Purposeful Technology. Boston Library Consortium Meeting, Boston Public Library. Boston, MA, 18 March 2008.

Plays well with others, or What I’ve learned as a data provider in an interoperable world. Museum Computer Network Annual Conference, Chicago, IL, 2007. Applying emerging technology to historic scientific literature. Botany 2007, Chicago, IL, 2007.

User Needs: Biodiversity Heritage Library. Taxonomic Databases Working Group, Bratislava, Slovakia, 2007. Prototyping a Web 2.0 Interface to Digitized Taxonomic Literature. Taxonomic Databases Working Group, St. Louis, Missouri, 2006.